Hello everyone in front of their screens!
These are the notes we collectively created during the livestream and are kept here for reference. Special shoutout to Fatima el Kosht for compiling lots of them.

Questions day 1

Are group control systems exclusive to Asia?

to understand: *how did you get in touch with the group control workers?
how is your mandarin and do you have tips for learning it?
Is a Group Control System just a different term for a click farm, or are there differences between the two?

how do you see emotional behaviour in machines to be used to quantify human reactions, for example, to *grumpy* coffe machines and enrich some datasets for AI research? how to anticipate and try to steer that away?

where is the boundary between machines serving humans and human serving machines needs (more data)?

But what is the agency of these objects with personality?

Group Control Systems? Literal translation of a chinese term

why are we so much in need of mystification processes that we accept them and even develop them?

    Notes day 1     

Conrad Weise 
* human computation is computation carried up by humans
* HCsystems - intelligent system carrying out the task of computation

for example Wikipedia
largest human collaboration systems

2 seconds for solving CAPTCHAs
google selling 0.5M hours of uncompensated human labour
   --> https://anti-captcha.com (pay/get paid for captcha solving) --> solving captchas a businessmodel
automation as ideology

arrays of mobile devices -> endless screen spaces
group control systems (video2019)
8000 phones in a room / a labor intensive space!

Digital anthropology demonstrates the understanding of digital environments - 

interviews carried with the workshop in group control systems.

this is 2 sided conversations! multiple smartphones not only for manipulation, but also for "streaming"?

GCS to manipulate traffic
also scripts on a phone are used
GCS is outdated

cloud control - use of websockets in local network
dedicated android apk -> addition of unlimited devices
20.000 devices  -> where is the human now?

usecase scenarios live stream interaction * playing games, watching ads
communities / chat groups dealing with automation of phones
sharing code or best practices

* carrier apps -> serve the platform to advertisement
circumventing the anti-cheathing 
every studio is focusing on a specific project

based on the business model of platforms

1x week, acclimatization of new devices, faking a non existent user - not to be banned

automation * foundation mech to de-humanize
emancipatorial bot culture


Marianne Lechner
XOXO – DBFF*!?                
                 Emotional Machines 

Emotional Machines

Emotions part of human experience
Human centered-objet centered
life matter, organic, inorganic

What are emotions?
no concrete/ specific definition
subjective: through senses
distinction feeling-emotion
for communication matters

Coffemachine observation - can I find some emotions?

emotional diary between objects and humans
how are emotions showed?

what sort of emotions are relevant in this context?


repertoire of emtional concepts:
    balance between positive and negative E
rational reasons why we have E/ why and how we react to them

empathy, anticipation, well-being, attribution, atraction

4 robots: 
    they shape our behaviour and reactions to them depending on their way of acting
Each object reacts according to its emotional repertoire

How to visualize those emotions? translation of those E
bridge with formal language
different kind of signs against a stimuli


27 Min. Screening : Kyriaki Goni

where is the boundary between machines serving humans and human serving machines needs (more data)?

"statua citofonica" sounds amazing. 

For German speakers, Matthias wrote an article in the Versorgerin: http://versorgerin.stwst.at/artikel/mar-4-2021-1533/wenn-computer-sprechen

Dealing with deep time of media in terms of geology, I always find interesting the Anthrobscene from Parikka https://blogs.aalto.fi/mediainfrastructures/files/2019/10/1_Parikka_Anthrobscence.pdf also because it is very condensed.

Some advertisement for servus' publications: https://publications.servus.at/2019-The_Internet_of_Other_Peoples_Things/
<3 <3 <3

Gender shades, Joy Buolamwini -> http://gendershades.org/

Human labour disguised as machine labour
The majority of audiences on the planet are algorithms

"you are human and you are bound to get bored"

Problematic: differentiation human-computer
"invent a new language" to communicate with this systems and the oppportunity to talk with us

should each invented object have its own voice?

rethink the concept of humans having the power of doing everthing/ everything is there to serve them...
Thinks also shape us. So we could be more reflective and respective to the things, to our creations.

Q: nice point, but is this practicable? How? In the end, there will be always space for people to find their own business * 

Radical Transparency - vs Mysticism

Teaching humans to be more quantifiable

Automation as Ideology -> 


Program for tomorrow, 18th November

Mariana Marangoni
Deny usability, explore possibility
Delving into the world of Esoteric Programming Languages

Daniel Temkin
Beyond Runnability: Conceptual and Impossible Languages

Sarah Groff Hennigh-Palermo
No More Smooth Art

Maks Valenčič
Expressing the generic: after post-internet art

Questions day 2

Can you extend on "computer compels compliance"? 

If you don't mind sharing with the public - could you talk about the tree esolang that you developed at the camp?

It's a work-in-progress called Urpflanze, a conceptual esolang based in the structure of trees. 
The name “Urpflanze” was introduced by Goethe as the archetypical ideal plant, to echo the 
early hypothetical tree-like diagrams as the representation of the order of the world, rescuing 
the figure of trees in computational thought.

How can esolangs inspire and influence non-esolangs initiated people / non programmers?

Even though I have coding (mostl web-based applications) for a few years now, I am still somewhat intimidated by the difficulty of most esolangs. 
I come from a Design background, so I would say that the conceptual, philosophical and political aspects of esolangs are what really interests and inspires me, more than being familiarizes with compilers and CS definitions.
As seen in Daniel's talk, many esolangs only exists as conceptual and immaterial, so they are a good starting point for people who want to engage with esolangs without worrying much about the technical programming skills.

Notes day 2  

Matthias - Salut/ welcome
Mariana Marangoni 

Deny usability, explore possibility 
Delving into the world of Esoteric Programming 


Hello World!

Esolang / esoteric programming language - so called weird or art languages

Programming Lang. Not immutable, not neutral - attached to constructs and logics
Not meant for practical uses

    INTERCAL: first Esolang considered weird
    Malbolge: "the most difficult"
    Brainf*ck: also one of the most complexes
    Fungeoids -> Befunge, Hexagony
    Multicoding: PIET -the image is the code itself/ Velato - MIdi as source code
    Refusing (if/else)

The computer compels compliance:
english-dominated invironement
WUBI method how computers threatened Chinese language in the 70's

"tools for hypthesis"

Ethnoprogramming ->  Jon Corbet - Cree#, Lingdong Huang - Wenyan-lang, Ramsey Nasser - ('ab)

- Queering code 
- (non)binary logics
- COde off the grid


Daniel Temkin

Beyond Runnability:
Conceptual and Impossible Languages


Conceptual languages

Unnecessary (Keymaker)
"All code is Unnecessary" -> only works if pointed at non existing files. prints out its own code, which is empty.

Malbolge -> code is encrypting itself as it runs!
as conceptual language 
created collaboratively

No Code: Null Programs (Nick Montfort)
Python accepts and runs empty files

Empty, minimal programming languages

Turing-completeness by accident - languages want not to be, but ended up being.

- Lenguage - Pietu(2014)

- You are Reading the Naem of this Esolang - Chris Pressey (2007)

- The transfinite Languages - David madore (2014)

- A programming language is a formal laguage comprising a set of strings that produce various kinds of machine code output -  Daniel Temkin (2014)


Sarah Groff Hennigh-Palermo

No More Smooth Art -> call to arms



What is smooth art?

exploring latent spaces, illustrating datasets, ....
no friction, 60fps
faster, smarter machines.
beliefes: world is a machine, hi-fi is better that lo-fi...
"collaborating with machines" acritically
ML and AI are our enemies

smooth art supports the narrative of capitalism

The hegemony of the probable

"which ideology are we supporting with our computer art?"

Building new dreams for machines and for people

fuzzy art-> undermining computing, is not opposing them.
Opposing = "no, bad, stop" -> resisting / 
Undermining, demitstifiying, 
exemplifieng alternatives

"what would it be to relate with computer as if they were plants?"

TOPlap Draft manifesto
against obscurantism, make visible what is the thought of the performing person

Live coding
not about tools
focus on the performance - relationship music-image

hit the limit of the system -> a tangible limit
0..1 rather than binary.
video tools as a non-binary tool - ongoing stream of values 

Let the computer forget. <3 


 Maks Valenčič

 Expressing the generic: after post-internet art 


Matej Mihevc -> 

net art -> focusing on the digital aspect

post internet 2009 -> challenge to the art establishement
new information ontology 

tole of phisical spaces has changed. art spaces = there only for documentation
"white cube is perfect for instagram" (interpretation)

new mechanisms of circulation and consumption.

art production has to become more click-baits to survive in the current dynamics of image circulation

acceleraitonism and OOO for the new cybernetic

acceleraitonism: emphasys of feedbacks (within cybernetic) - self propagtions
ability of artistic practice of taking speed in a super flat dynamic - continuous reality checkng

OOO -> similarly -> radical flattening of reality.
objects are radically incomplete
general instability 

artists use this to create new knowledge

how to define the newest art?
the newest art practice don't positions themselfes in opposition of previous one 
avantgarde does not exist anymore
what is its starting point

OFluxo Instagram
Guillermo Ros

Combinatorics for full mutation / images that does not mean anything
object is not radically against representation
maintain a distance, almost unchangeable over time

objects are freed from human attrinbution of meaning.
objects could not care less of what we think anbout them

Art history = uncovering the generic through difference
there is no difference between objects at least ontologically.

full circle: 
    newest art radically against meaning

methods is the incompletess
embrace the ontolog incompleteness

the art after post internet
instagram scraped images, then accessed by GAN
goes beyong language and other fundamentals

art cancels itself (succesfully).
alien = generic

Matej Mihevc - Full possibilities of esthetic expression